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Formation Date:1991
Land area:29800.00
Government Form:Republic
Head of State:Robert Kot?arjan

Armenia became a Soviet republic in 1922. In 1991, it gained independence from the USSR and in 1995 held its first parliamentary elections.

Armenia was independent from 1920 to 1921, and the flag used today comes from this era. Its origin is in a design from the Armenian Institute in Venice of 1885, although this flag had the colors red, green, and blue. After independence from Russia in 1991, the Soviet flag was replaced with the 1920 tricolors of red, blue, and orange.

The red in the flag recalls the blood shed in the struggle for national existence; the blue represents the skies, hope, and the unchanging character of the land; while orange signifies the courage of the Armenian people.